Every Drop Matters Final Report

Recipient Institution: ANKARA University Water Management Institute
Project Title: Adaptation to Climate Change in Turkey-Gölbaşı Region through Rainwater Harvesting and Effective Water Use
Country: Turkey
Period covered by the report: From: 1.10.2012 To: 30.09.2013
Submission date: 10.12.2013
I, <name of the authorized person (signatory)>, acting as the Authorized Person of the <name of the Recipient Institute> confirm and certify that the information contained in this Interim/Final Progress Report is correct and accurate to the best of my knowledge.

Name and signature Date
Prepared by: Prof. Dr. Süleyman KODAL 10.12.2013
Summary of results achieved during the reporting period (up to 500 words)

What is the project?

The project is related to effective water use in Gölbaşı region of Ankara city as a way of adaptation to climate change. Gölbaşı region already suffers from water scarcity and quality problems and Turkey is expected to be adversely affected by the climate change. Hence, effective water use and adaptation to climate change has become a key issue in the region. The project aims at achieving effective use of water for irrigation and domestic purposes, and reducing the pressure on water resources via rain water harvesting.

What is the problem?

In Gölbaşı region, the water resources are subject to pollution as a result of industrial, agricultural and recreational activities. The region suffers from water scarcity, especially in agriculture sector. The irrigated farming is quite limited, and the demand for groundwater is increasing. Furthermore, groundwater is naturally contaminated by salts and boron. Climate change is likely to adversely affect Turkey such as water resources depletion, drought, desertification and decrease of agricultural production.

Who is affected?

Residents, farmers, agricultural engineers and villagers in Gölbaşı region are adversely affected by the water quality and quantity problems. The project has positively affected the residents, and especially the farmers and agricultural engineers.

How were these people affected?

The farmers in Gölbaşı region have difficulty in finding water for irrigated farming and therefore they are forced to grow plants via rainfed agriculture and they cannot grow the plants they desire. Besides, water quality is not good, groundwater is salty and alkaline, furthermore contains boron. The poor quality of water adversely affects yield.

Villagers, who don’t have access to drinking water provided by the municipality, suffer from water scarcity.

Agricultural engineers have lack of information on modern irrigation systems and they need training.

What is EDM doing to help?

EDM provides financial support to solve problems related to water scarcity and water quality and to organize awareness raising activities. In this project, EDM Program has provided financial support for construction of the demonstration area, irrigation and automation systems, rainwater harvesting and drip irrigation systems. In addition, farmers and technical staff have been trained in the demonstration area. Residents and villagers of Gölbaşı region were also trained on effective use of domestic water. Technical visits were performed with farmers. The required funding for all these activities was provided by EDM Program.

What impact has EDM had?

EDM helped to raise awareness on water savings in Gölbaşı region via trainings, meetings, technical visits on irrigation techniques, springer and drip irrigation, automation, effective water use for irrigation, effective domestic water use and rainwater harvesting.

What has Coca-Cola contributed to the project?

Coca-Cola contributed to the project financially via EDM Program.

How can the project be replicated?

The project can be replicated by extending the training activities to other districts of Ankara, so that the number of farmers trained will significantly increase and the project outcomes will be disseminated.

Details of in-kind contribution:

  • University of Ankara:
    • Pre-made roof water harvesting system
    • Pre-made sprinkler irrigation system with roof water harvesting
    • Renewal of a motor pump system
    • Provision of access for training, 13 days (Ankara-Gölbaşı, bus)
    • Providing 1 bus for technical trip (1 day)
    • 4 Brochures printing (total 10 pages, color, 10×800 pages)
    • Printing of banners, invitations and annotations for 2 Meetings (2x2x10+2x2x250 pieces)
    • Offering or giving for 2 meetings (food, drink, etc.)
  • Water Management Institute:
    • Soil and water analysis fee
  • Agricultural Faculty
    • Wire fencing of parcel 6 perimeter and introduction gate
    • Repair of old buildings (roofs, windows, electricity, water system, lime, paint)
    • Previously received automatic meteorological station
    • Animal manure and soil preparation in crop production
    • Wood fixing piles
    • Excavation-filling operations in the construction of irrigation systems
  • Farm Structures and Irrigation Department
    • Providing classroom for technical staff training
    • Providing teaching staff for trainings (105 hours)
  • Gölbaşı Food Agriculture and Livestock Directorate
    • Telephone, fax, post expenses for organization of trainings
    • Village visits to determine the farmers to participate trainings
  • Gölbaşı Chamber of Agriculture
    • Providing 6 buses for farmer trips (7 days)
    • Telephone, fax, post expenses for organization of trainings
  • Ankara Special Provincial Administration
    • Preparation of parcel maps showing elevation and slope
  • Companies:
    • Some irrigation tools (gravel filters, mesh filters, fertilizer tanks, sprinker and micro sprinkler pipes and heads) donated to Agricultural Structures and Irrigation Department by Kalyon Filtre, AG Plastik, Göktepe ve Palaplast were used in this project (approx. 1200 USD)
    • Atlantis Engineering Golf and Landscape Irrigation Systems has donated a center pivot irrigation system model (approx. 250 USD)
    • Maki Fide, Nadide Tohum, Sürde Tarım: They provided seed and seedlings (approx. 650 USD)

Project contribution to the Agricultural Faculty (Dean’s Office, Horticulture Department, and Farm Structures and Irrigation Department) (approx..): $ 50,400

  • Two stainless steel water tanks, motor pumps
  • Water transmission lines, pipes etc., excavation-filling
  • Main pipe-manifold transitions
  • Three control units, (hydrocyclone, fertilizer tank, venturi, mash filter, automatic screen filter)
  • New motor system and automatic work order
  • Training of Farm Structures and Irrigation Department final year students (80 students, 1 day)
  • The internships of Farm Structures and Irrigation Department students in the project
  • Participation of Farm Structures and Irrigation Department students to the project’s technical trip

Project contribution to the Ankara University (Gölabşı Campus) (approx..): $ 950

•          Drip irrigation system (for rainwater harvesting system)

Main activities planned and achievements for the Reporting Period as compared to the Workplan (Please complement the activities with dates and venue as possible)

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Implementation problems, including remedial actions and lessons learned from addressing these problems (if any)Due to the bureaucracy of Ankara University, the advance payment and the construction of demonstration area were delayed for about 3 months. In addition, trainings were completed with 1 month delay due to Ramadan. However, the project activities were completed with 1 month delay as a result of extra effort put by the project team.

Project Related Photos

Output 1: Effective water use in agriculture

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Output 2: Rain water harvesting

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Output 3: Domestic water use

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Additional Comments:

  • A meeting was held at the UNDP office in Ankara (14.11.2012), activities made and planned in the project were discussed.
  • Growtech Eurasia International 12. Greenhouse, Agricultural Equipment and Technology Exhibition was attended to (5-8 Dec. 2012), a lot of firms were visited, the project was introduced to them.
  • A protocol was signed with Faculty of Agriculture for demonstration area and 6 plots were allocated to the project.

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  • 1-2-3 parcels could not be used this year (due to ASKİ main water pipe line construction).
  • In the project, this year 4-11 parcels were used. The parcels of the project implementation:
No Area (ha) Irrigation system Planted (ha) Crop Irrigated (ha)
1A 0,29
1B 0,06
2 0,44
3A 0,12
3B 0,24
4 0,28 Drip, subsurface drip 0,28 Tomatoes, pepper, cucumber, eggplant, melon, strawberry, parsley, mint, watercress, arugula, dill planted, 0,28
5 0,10 Sprinkler 0,10 Grass 0,10
6 0,08 Drip, subsurface drip 0,08 Beans, corn, sunflower, potatoes, grass, alfaalfa 0,08
7 0,06 Sprinkler 0,06 Grass 0,06
8 0,40 Sprinkler Grass, tree 0,40
9 0,08
10 0,06 0,06 watermelon 0,06
11 (Area: 3,40 ha) (Perimeter: 800 m) Micro sprinkler 0,24
TOPLAM 2,21 0,58   1,22

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Demonstration Plots in Faculty of Agriculture (K: Well, D: Depot, H: Pool, OD: Automation room and storage building, OMI: Automatic Meteorological Station location)

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Demonstration Parcel in in Ankara Gölbaşı Campus related with Drip Irrigation with Roof Water Harvesting

  • Preparations related with demonstration area have been completed. Map of parcels were prepared, analysis of soil and water samples were made. Infiltration rate measurements were completed.

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  • The current situation of the Demonstration area and future planning regarding the studies were carried out and the project was prepared.

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  • Old motor pumping system has been changed (provided by Ankara University)

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  • Steel water tanks (2 units, 40 tons and 25 tons) and water transmission lines have been established, 2 motor pumps have been connected.

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  • Old water transmission and distribution network was cancelled and pressured pipeline and 2 control units were established between steel tanks and parcels (16.5 ha). Valves and pressure gauges have been added.

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  • Two control units (filters etc.) for drip irrigation system were established for field crop and vegetable demonstration parcel.

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  • Drip irrigation laterals were furnished in the vegetable parcel; valves, valve boxes and pressure gauges have been added. Lots of vegetables (tomatoes, pepper, cucumber, eggplant, melon, watermelon, strawberry) were planted. A subsurface drip irrigation system was established for plants parsley, mint, watercress, arugula, dill planted. Demonstration of spray irrigation has been established. Two beehives were put in order to ensure pollination. Soil moisture sensors and automation system for drip irrigation has been placed in the demonstration area.

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  • Maintenance and repair of the building near the vegetable plot were made. In this building, 2 rooms (automation control room and material storage room) have been allocated to the project.

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  • Maintenance and repair of sport field’s existing grass sprinkler irrigation system has been done. Classical sprinkler irrigation demonstration system has been established in this area.

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  • Field cops parcel is surrounded by wire mesh. Drip irrigation (beans, corn, sunflower, potatoes), and subsurface drip irrigation (potatoes, underground drip irrigation for frequent planted crops) systems have been installed to this parcel.

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  • Landscape (sprinkler) irrigation system (pipes, solenoid valves, sprinkler heads), and a timer-based automation system were established on the collection parcel.

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  • Micro sprinkler irrigation system has been installed behind the plots of greenhouse and grafted watermelon was grown.

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  • a technical visit was held by project team to the village of Kuyumcu Tekke village. Roof water harvesting project carried out previously by UNDP survey was investigated.

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  • Rainwater harvesting system previously established on the Gölbasi campus were investigated. System roof area is approximately 850 m2. Total tank capacity is 30 tons. Existing sprinkler irrigation system area is 0.25 hectares.
  • Maintenance and repair of roof water harvesting sprinkler irrigation system of Gölbaşı Campus is done. Roof water harvesting drip irrigation (with self-pressure regulator drippers) was installed for trees and ornamental plants at the roadside of the parcel. Total length of lateral line is 2.400 m.

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  • Automatic weather station has been established.

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  • Information sheets were placed near the parcels.

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  • The signboards related with the project were prepared and installed to the demonstration areas.

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  • The cultivated area was 0,58 ha, all agricultural activities (soil preparation, planting, watering, fertilization, pest control etc.) has been done. Necessary labor and all inputs (fertilizers, pesticides, farm equipment, etc.) have been procured.

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  • Farmer brochures on drip irrigation (4 pages), sprinkler irrigation (2 pages), rainwater harvesting (2 pages) and domestic water use (2 pages) were prepared. Each of the 800 copies was printed. Approximately 600 pieces of each were distributed at meetings and trainings (the rest will be used next year).
  • Project name printed notepads (650 units) and pens (1000 units) was built and  were distributed at the meetings and trainings. the remaining 200 notepads and 250 pens will be used in next year trainings.

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  • A water-saving tool, that farmers can use easily, can be attached to the faucet, and easy to install (175 units) was distributed in training and meetings.

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  • Soil moisture sensors and pressure regulators were received to introduce in trainings.

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  • A lateral pipe laying and gathering tool was taken to use in demonstrations and trainings.

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  • Meetings: The first meeting (introductory meeting) was held on 20.12.2012 in Water Management Institute, Gölbaşı Campus. The second meeting (inaugural meeting) was held on 23.08.2013 in Conference Hall of the Faculty of Agriculture. Evaluation meeting was held on 26.11.2013 in Water Management Institute, Gölbaşı Campus.

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  • Demonstration Area Introducing Meetings: Two meetings were carried out on 05.09.2013 and 07.09.2013 for a lot of public and private sector and NGO.

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  • From Indonesia Dr. Momon received information about our projects, visited the demonstration area.

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  • Technical visits: The first technical visit was carried out to Konya Agriculture and Livestock Fair (14/03/2013) with 3 buses, the second technical visit to Nallıhan and Beypazarı districts and Yenice Dam (04.05.2013) with 1 bus, third technical tour to Konya Days of Field (14/06/2013) with 2 buses, and the fourth technical visit to Sarız-Kayseri (30/08/2103) with 1 bus. Women add young people have also attended to the technical visits. In Sarız trip, hydraulic power pumps, pool, apple orchard etc. were visited that carried out before by the United Nations program.

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  • Farmers were trained in 3 groups (one day) on 20-22.08.2013 on agricultural and domestic water use and the roof water harvesting. Farmers stated that they were very pleased to be trained and some of them even mentioned that they had almost no true information about drip and sprinkler irrigation. Women add young farmers have also attended to the training activities.

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  • Technical staff was trained in 2 groups for 5 days on 26-30.08.2013 and 23-27.09.2013 on agricultural and domestic water use and the roof water harvesting.

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  • 1 training meeting in Gölbaşı (13.09.2013) and 3 village visits (12.09.2013, 13.09.2013  and 13.09.2013) on domestic water use were completed (Oğulbey, Selametli, Oyaca) Sensor-fitted taps were provided for three houses in the villages.

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  • Three DVD have preparedon the project and were distributed torelevant institutions

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  • Project documents were filed.

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  • Project and farmer-technical staff training activities appeared in the press (in the newspapers).

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  • Bereket TV has prepared an 11 minute film about introductory meeting and this film has released in Agriculture Days program.

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         Evaluation:

  • More activities than planned were carried out due to the selection the demonstration area in the Agricultural Faculty.
  • However, farmers demand on farmer training subject has been much less than planned. If the project continue next year this differences will be completed. If the project does not continue, the facilities of the Institute and the University will be used.
  • 400 to 500 farmers and 40 technical staff training on irrigation, rainwater harvesting and domestic water use and two technical tours (with 80 farmers) were planned in the project.
  • The names of farmers and technical staff who attend the training were determined by District Directorate of Agriculture by going to the villages and by telephone and groups were formed according to the dates.
  • On some training days with no farmers participated although the names of farmers were in the list. On some training days the amounts of farmers were less than planned. The farmers who didn’t come are called but they were stated that they don’t want to participate.
  • Farmers demand for training was minimal. One reason of that was a 3-month delay in the project and was followed one month of Ramadan (09.07.2013-11.08.2013). Trainings were planned in the months of August and September. Participation of farmers in this period was less than planned. But the participation of technical staff was more than planned.
  • 44 farmers and 48 technical staff were trained on irrigation, rainwater harvesting and domestic water use. In addition 64 people were trained on domestic water use. The number of total trained people was 156.
  • The demand for technical trips was more than training in the project. Two trips to Konya were planned (2×2 = 4 buses). Two trips to Konya were performed with 5 buses. Additionally, by the request of the farmers two trips to Sariz-Kayseri and Beypazarı were performed (1 +1 = 2 buses), extra 3 buses were used.
  • Remaining budget due to the less of farmer training were used for the following purposes:
    • More technical staff were trained
    • Additional technical trips were made (extra 3 buses)
    • 3 sensor-fitted taps were provided for houses in 3 villages (This was not aimed in the project but it was decided to contribute to saving water)
    • 175 faucet mounted water-saving tools were distributed in training and meetings. This tool was a mechanical form of electrical sensor and was much in demand by farmers.
  • If accepted, next year, the project will be introduced to the farmers in the village coffee shop to increase farmers’ awareness about the project and to ensure the participation of farmers to the project.